The Land of Temples
Bagalkot, which was formed out of Bijapur, is most famous for its temples and their architecture which reflect the Chalukyan art. The Ghataprabha, Malaprabha and Krishna rivers form an integral part of the landscape here. Some of the most famous temples here are the Ravalphadi temple, the Konthi temple complex, the Jain Meghuthi temple and the Buddhist temple. Equally famous are the cave temples of Badami and the Jain temples of Rashtrakutas. Bagalkot is also famous for its cottage industries.
Legend has it that the town was presented by one of the Bijapur kings to his daughter as a gift (bangle money). The town was under the Vijayanagaras after which the Savanur Nawab took over the kingdom. Haider Ali took over Bagalkot in the year 1778. It was consequently annexed by the Marathas, Peshwa Bajirao before being taken over by the British.
Pattadakkal in Bagalkot is a complex with magnificent temples which has found its place in the UNESCO list of world heritage sites. Aihole, originally the capital of the Chalukayan kings contains temples exhibiting Hindu rock architecture at its very best. The town was originally called ‘Ayyavole’ in ancient inscriptions. The 125 temples here are adorned with intricate and beautiful carvings. One of the best among them is the Durga temple which has a richly carved colonnaded passageway within which is the inner sanctum. The temple is said to be built in imitation of a Buddhist chaitya hall. The oldest of the temples here is the Lad Khan which dates back to the 5th century AD. The Lad khan is said to have been a village meeting hall, originally. Standing isolated from all others is the cave temple of Ravana phadi against a rocky hill. The most precious of the sculpture in Aihole is the beautiful dancing Shiva.
The temple of Basavanna stands in Kaladgi, a village situated along the Ghataprabha River. The temple is built of Shellikeri blackstone. The area has several fruit gardens besides remnants of old tombs and other buildings. The Jain Basadi of Parshwanatha has a Viraktha Matha of its own. There are also several mosques here, the most prominent of which is the Panka Masjid. The Masjid made of stone is quite an impressive structure.
Belgaum airport is the nearest airport, 189 km away
Quite a number of Government buses run from Sholapur and Belgaum to Bagalkot
Bagalkot is well connected by rail and has a station of its own